I recently re-read Helen Margaret Nightingale’s suffrage play, A
Change of Tenant. The play was often performed at meetings and fund raisers
by suffrage societies, and was also produced by professional members of the
Actresses’ Franchise League. Little seemed to be known about Helen Margaret Nightingale,
as Susan Croft notes in Votes for Women and Other Plays (Auroro Metro
Press, 2009), which includes the text of the play. However, from the few details
Susan Croft provided I was able to discover more about Helen’s life.
Helen Margaret Nightingale was born in 1883 in Banbury, Oxfordshire. Her
father, Charles Frederick Nightingale (1846-1904) was the minister of the
Wesleyan chapel in Marlborough Road (still in use as a Methodist church today).
Charles Nightingale, who was born in Manchester, began his career in the church
in 1865. He had worked in Newcastle-under-Lyme, Bradford, Sheffield, Leamington,
Bolton and Torquay before moving to Banbury in 1881. In 1884 he moved to Wolverhampton,
and in 1887 to London, serving first at Highbury, then Stoke Newington, Stratford,
and finally Wandsworth, where he died in May 1904.
Helen’s mother was Ellen Emma, née Bayliss, born 1854 in Wolverhampton. She
and Charles Nightingale married in Torquay in 1879, where Charles was minister
at Union Street Chapel. Helen was the eldest child: her sister Edith Annie was
born in Wolverhampton in 1885; her brother Frederick Bayliss in London (Highbury)
in 1889; and Elsie Mary in Stoke Newington in 1894.
Helen was thirteen when the family moved to Wandsworth. They lived at 47 West Side, Wandsworth Common. Helen lived all her life there. In 1906, aged twenty three, she published her novel, Savile Gilchrist MD. It was fairly well received, and thought to promise well for the future of the young writer.
A Change of Tenant followed in 1908. In
October 1908, it was performed at a “conversazione” by the Wandsworth branch of
the London Society for Women’s Suffrage. Over the next few years it was performed
by other suffrage groups in Bradford, Hayward’s Heath, Leeds and elsewhere, and
it was also produced by the Hammersmith Ethical Society. The play was published
by the Woman Citizen Publishing Society in 1909.
As well as supporting the cause of votes for women with her drama, Helen
Nightingale wrote articles and stories for suffrage publications The
Franchise and Common Cause. Later, she corresponded with Common
Cause in 1921 on the issue of birth control, arguing that working class
women, overburdened by frequent child bearing, should be taught birth control
methods. “And have not mothers,” she wrote, “as much right as miners to a
higher standard of living and greater liberty and leisure?” (Common Cause,
29 April 1921). She also wrote for The Englishwoman.
Other work included The Choir at Newcommon Road published in 1909. This was only about sixty pages long so possibly it is another play or short story, although I have been unable to find any further information. Helen also wrote lyrics for a song by composer, singer and musician Teresa Del Riego – Little Brown Bird – in 1912. She wrote an article “Why women cannot support the Labour Party” for the Lloyd George Liberal Magazine in June 1921.
Helen was not in paid employment and “no occupation” is recorded in her
details on the 1911 Census. Then, during the First World War Helen, who was
still living at 47 West Side, Wandsworth Common with her family, served with
the Red Cross General Service Section as a General Service Clerk at the Third
London General Hospital. The hospital was housed in the repurposed Royal Victoria
Patriotic School in Wandsworth. Built in 1859, the school had originally been
an orphanage for soldiers, sailors’ and marines’ daughters.
Helen was one of a number of women sent to replace RAMC orderlies. She
worked at the hospital from August 1915 until summer 1919, starting in the Post
Office, and then transferring to the Main Hall where convoys were received. Susan
Croft notes that many of the poems in a collection published after Helen’s
death include references to hospital work, and were originally published in the
Gazette of the 3rd London General Hospital.
In fact, Helen wrote many articles and poems for the Gazette, and
seems to have contributed to almost every issue. She also wrote a series of “memoirs”
of her time there in the March, April and May 1919 issues as the Hospital
prepared to close down. In the final issue of the Gazette in July 1919,
her poem The War Years appeared on the front page. The poem mourns lost friends
and the “gay and gallant dead”, but views the years of service at the hospital
and the friendships formed there as “Years of Blessed Memory” (Gazette of
the 3rd London General Hospital, Issue Vol. IV.No.10 (July 1919).
After the war, Helen Margaret Nightingale went back to her home and “no
occupation” (1921 Census) at 47 West Side. She died on 14 October 1921, of
heart disease, aged only thirty eight. Her family continued to live at 47 West
Side; her brother Frederick Bayliss, who had become an architect, died there in
Helen’s writing in the Gazette of the 3rd London General Hospital reflects a lively personality, and I can’t help wondering if she kept a diary or wrote copious letters – as writers tend to do. It would be lovely to know more about her. Who knows, perhaps one day some papers will turn up? In the meantime, I’ll be on the lookout for her novel, Savile Gilchrist MD, though so far I’ve been unable to track down a copy.
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